Electric shock is experienced by a person when current passes through him/ her to the earth. Which means the person acts like a conductor. The danger from this shock depends on how high the voltage is, how the current flowed through his or her body, the overall health of the person, and how quickly the person is attended to when this occurs.
If any of these signs or symptoms are observed in the person, call any medical emergency number immediately.
- Cardiac arrest: this is when the person’s heart suddenly stops pumping blood around his body, which is as a result of electrical signals flowing through the victim’s heart. When the heart stops pumping blood, the brain is starved of oxygen. This can cause the person to fall unconscious and stop breathing.
- Heart rhythm problems (arrhythmias): this is when the electrical impulses that coordinate the heartbeats don’t work properly, causing the heart to beat too fast, very slow, or irregularly.
- Respiratory failure: this is when there is inadequate gas exchange by the respiratory system that is the arterial oxygen, carbon dioxide or both cannot be kept at normal levels.
- Seizures: these symptoms of a brain problem. They occur because of sudden, abnormal electrical flow in the brain. And this might lead to the person’s body shaking rapidly and uncontrollably.
- Unconsciousness: this is when the person is unable to respond to people and activities.
- Muscle pain and contractions
- Serious burn
How to help electric shocked victim while waiting for medical assistance
- Ensure not to touch the individual immediately, look first, it might be the person is still in contact with the electricity source. Touching the person may result in you experiencing the electric shock as well. So be careful.
- Switch off the source of electricity if possible. If not, move the source away from the affected person, using a non-conducting material (cardboard, plastic, or wood). Note, this material even if there are non-conductive it should not be wet, if not electricity can flow through it to you.
- After successfully separating the affected individual from the source, lookout for signs of circulation either breathing, coughing, or movement. If any of this is absent, quickly start cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) immediately. This is a process of supporting and maintaining breathing and circulation to a person who has stopped breathing and/or whose heart has stopped, thus providing oxygen and blood flow to the heart, brain, and other vital organs in the person’s body
- Next Lay the person down, and if possible, keep the head slightly lower than the trunk, with the legs in an elevated position
- Try to prevent the victim from becoming chilled.
Never you touch the person with your bare hands if he or she is still in contact with the electric source because the human body conducts electricity,
Don’t go close to the high-voltage wires until the power is switched off. Stand at least 20 feet away — and if the wires are jumping and sparking stay much farther than that.
Be especially careful if the environment is wet.
ALSO CHECK; The Effects of Electric Current on Human Body
Note This information is not intended as a substitute for professional medical advice, emergency treatment, or formal first aid training. If the victim is experiencing a life-threatening or emergency medical situation, don’t fail to seek medical assistance immediately.